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Bottle Trademark Identification Made Simple

Bottle Trademark Identification Made Easy

A typical 1880-1890 whiskey bottle with no label or embossing will be recognized by its trademark on the underside of the bottle.

When promoting at Bottle and Collectibles exhibits, essentially the most requested questions are: “What makes a bottle outdated?” and “What makes a bottle helpful?” However, the query that normally results in a dialogue in regards to the significance of trademark identification is: How can I establish a bottle when it has no label or embossing?

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Whereas bottle collectors depend on sure components to find out age and worth, resembling situation, colour and rarity, along with mould sorts, seam traces, and pontil marks, logos are sometimes neglected. Emblems can present the collector with further helpful data towards figuring out historical past, age and worth of the bottle, and supply the collector a deeper data of the glass corporations that manufactured these bottles. I’ve been gathering bottles for 47 years and on many events, logos have been an enormous issue towards unlocking the mysteries of the previous.

The underside of a typical whiskey bottle exhibits it was manufactured in San Francisco, as proven by the SF & PGW trademark.

A superb instance is a typical ($20-25) 1880-1890 “Amber Whiskey” bottle . The back and front are absent of a label or embossing, however embossed on the underside is SF & PGW. Pacific Glass Works (PGW), based in 1862 in San Francisco was very profitable however encountered monetary issues years later. Carlton Newman, a former glass blower at PGW and proprietor of San Francisco Glass Works (SFGW), purchased PGW in 1876, and renamed it San Francisco & Pacific Glass Works (SF &PGW). With that trademark, you might have unlocked the thriller. Now, you recognize you might have an 1880-1890 Whiskey bottle, manufactured by SF & PGW between 1876 and 1880, in San Francisco.

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“Union-Clasped Arms-Eagle With Banner” whiskey flask, 1860-1870.

One other nice instance is proven above, an Aqua Blue 1860-1870 “Union-Clasped Arms-Eagle With Banner” Whiskey Flask. Whereas there may be the embossing of the Stars above Union, Two-Arms Clasped, and an Eagle and Banner, it doesn’t seem to offer any further data. Or does it? What in regards to the letters “LF & CO” embossed in an oval body underneath the Clasped Arms, and, “Pittsburgh, PA” on the reversed facet underneath the Eagle and Banner? Creator Jay W. Hawkins, Glasshouses & Glass Producers of the Pittsburg Area, 1795-1910, researched the mark as Lippincott, Fry & Co, 1864-1867 (H.C. Lippincott and Henry Clay Fry, Operators of the Crescent Flint Glass Co.).

This Civil Warfare period bottle, circa 1864-1865, was made after Fry returned from navy service with the fifth Regiment of the Pennsylvania Cavalry throughout the Civil Warfare the place he served since August 1862. Now you might have your entire image from just some letters and one phrase.

Earlier I mentioned colour as being a significant component in figuring out worth. Right here’s the approximate vary for this flask: Aqua Blue, $100-150; Yellow Inexperienced, $1,000-$2,000; Golden Yellow, $400-600; and Amber, $900-1,200. One other be aware about this historic 1860-1870 Flask is that it was present in 1973, throughout a serious dig behind a home of the identical interval in Youngstown, Ohio, within the trash dump positioned within the again yard. 5 further bottles from the identical time interval had been additionally discovered.

In 1998 I used to be lucky sufficient to fulfill the bottle collector who dug this very cool bottle, and after some very powerful negotiating, I used to be lucky sufficient to take dwelling the treasure. 

An Outdated Quaker bottle.

So, what’s a trademark? By definition, it’s a phrase, identify, letter, quantity, image, design, phrase, or a mix of things that establish and distinguishes the product from related merchandise offered by opponents. Relating to bottles, the trademark normally seems on the underside of the bottle, probably on the label, and typically embossed on face or bottom of the bottle. With a trademark, the safety is within the image that distinguished the product, not within the precise product itself.

Emblems had their beginnings in early pottery and stone marks. The primary use on glassware was throughout the first century by glassmaker Ennion of Sidon and two of his college students, Jason and Aristeas, figuring out their merchandise by putting letters within the sides of their molds. Variations of logos have been discovered on early Chinese language porcelain, pottery and glassware from historical Greece and Rome, and from India courting again to 1300 B.C. Stonecutters marks have been discovered on Egyptian buildings courting again to 4000 B.C. Within the late 1600s, there was the introduction of a glass seal utilized to the bottle on the shoulder whereas nonetheless sizzling. Whereas the seal was sizzling, a die with the initials, date, or design was pressed into the seal. This methodology allowed the glassmaker to fabricate many bottles with one seal, then change to a different, or probably not use a seal in any respect.

The trademark of this Outdated Quaker bottle supplies helpful data in figuring out historical past, age and worth of the bottle.

Previous to the start of the 19th century, the pontil mark nonetheless dominated the bottom of the bottle. In England by means of the 1840s, and the 1850s in America and France, glass homes recognized their flasks by side-lettering the molds. By the 1880s, Whiskey, Beer, Prescribed drugs and Fruit Jars had been recognized on the bottom of the bottles or jars. Following the settling of the Europeans in North America, trademark use was nicely established. The trademark grew to become a strong methodology of figuring out the age of the merchandise offering the proprietor of the mark is thought, or will be recognized by analysis, together with figuring out the precise date related to the mark. If the mark has been used for an prolonged time period, the collector might want to reference different materials up to now the bottle inside the trademark’s vary of years. If the usage of the trademark was a shortened time-frame, then it turns into simpler to find out the age and producer of the bottle. The numbers showing with the logos are usually not part of the trademark. They’re normally lot manufacturing codes not offering any helpful data. The one exception is that the manufacturing 12 months could also be stamped subsequent to the codes or the trademark.

Overbrook’s Premium Outdated Original Egg Nog (rum, brandy and whiskey), 1945. Trademark B (in circle) Brockway Glass Firm, 1933-1988.

Whereas the U.S. Structure offered for rights of possession in copyrights on patents, trademark safety didn’t exist. Registration of logos on glassware started in 1860, and by the 1890s there have been logos utilized by all glass producers. Trademark registration pointers had been enacted with laws by the U.S. Congress in 1870 ensuing within the first federal trademark legislation. The trademark legislation of 1870 was modified in 1881, with further main revisions enacted in 1905, 1920, and 1946. The primary worldwide trademark settlement, accepted by roughly 100 international locations, was formalized on the Paris Conference in 1883 titled on the Safety of Industrial Property.

The subsequent time you discover that particular bottle with out a label or embossing, take a look at the bottom, or the decrease facet of the bottle. You by no means know what treasure you will have discovered.

And as at all times, maintain having enjoyable with the pastime of bottle gathering.

REFERENCES

Hawkins, Jay W – Glasshouses & Glass Producers of the Pittsburg Area, 1795-1910, iUniverse, Inc., New York, 2009

Vintage Dealer Bottles

Lindsey, Invoice – SHA/BLM Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Info Web site, Electronic mail: invoice@historicbottles.com. Williamson River, Oregon

Lockhart, Invoice; Serr, Carol; Schulz, Peter; Lindsey, Invoice – Bottles & Additional Journal, “The Relationship Recreation,” 2009 & 2010

McCann, Jerome J – The Information to Gathering Fruit Jars-Fruit Jar Annual, Printer: Phyllis & Adam Koch, Chicago, IL, 2016

Polak, Michael, Vintage Dealer Bottles: Identification and Value Information, eighth Version, F+W Media/Krause Publications, Iola, WI, 2016

Rensselaer, Steven Van, Early American Bottles & Flasks, J. Edmund Edwards, Writer, Stratford, CT, 1971

Toulouse, Julian Harrison, Bottle Makers and Their Marks, Thomas Nelson Inc New York, 1971

Whitten, David, “Glass Manufacturing facility Marks on Bottles,” www.myinsulators.com/glass-factories/bottlemarks.html 

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